“I find suggestion a hell of a lot more provocative than explicit detail. You didn’t see Clark [Gable] and Vivien [Leigh] rolling around in bed in Gone With The Wind, but you saw that shit eating grin on her face the next morning and you knew damned well she’d gotten properly laid.” ― Joan Crawford
Photographed by: Chris Colls, 2013.
Frank Ocean - Strawberry Swing
The name Ivan Pavlov is linked to the psychological learning process called “classical conditioning”.
To sum it up really quickly: During the 1890s Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov explored that dogs produce lots of saliva when they hear a bell ringing that they associate with food even if there is no food.
In order to trick the dog into associating the bell with incoming food, the bell has to be rang every time the dogs get food. This process has to be repeated many times until the dog “learns” to associate the sound of the bell with food. The dog will produce saliva even without food, just by the sound of the bell.
Pavlov (1902) started from the idea that there are some things that a dog does not need to learn. For example, dogs don’t learn to salivate whenever they see food. This reflex is ‘hard wired’ into the dog.
Pavlov showed the existence of the unconditioned (“biological/natural”) response by presenting a dog with a bowl of food and the measuring its salivary secretions. However, when Pavlov discovered that any object or event which the dogs learnt to associate with food (such as the lab assistant) would trigger the same response he realized that some cognitive process must have happened (conditioned response).
Pavlov knew that somehow, the dogs in his lab had learned to associate food with his lab assistant. This must have been learned, because at one point the dogs did not do it, and there came a point where they started, so their behavior had changed.
A change in behavior of this type must be the result of learning.
This concept is really helpful for psychotherapeutical approaches for anxiety disorders, children education or treating animals well
Ya know how one the wet naps at Hooters say, “Does the name Pavlov ring a bell?” Well one day I went out to eat with my ex and his boys- I asked them that question on the wet nap package. They didn’t know who he was nor did they care. Not even my ex.
One of the reasons why I broke up with him. Didn’t care to learn nor did he know much anyway. No inspiration. No motivation.